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Artificial EBG surfaces and metamaterials for antennas

In recent years there has been a lot of attention to using periodic structures in antenna design. These structures are nowadays referred to as photonic or electromagnetic bandgap structures or simply by their acronyms PBG or EBG structures. When such structures are used to obtain high-impedance surfaces, they are related to the transversely corrugated surface, that 15 years ago was generalized into a concept of soft and hard surfaces, based on a terminology used in acoustics and diffraction theory. The course will relate the present PBG/EBG work to artificial magnetic conductors as well as to artificially soft and hard surfaces. The theory of ideal magnetic conductors and soft and hard surfaces will be explained in detail, as well as how to implement these theoretical models in existing software based on numerical methods such as GO, UTD, FDTD, FEM and moment method. We will also show how magnetic conductors and soft and hard surfaces can be realized artificially in practice, and how to analyze these realizations without having to model each detail of the periodic structure. This can be done by using unidirectional current grids, asymptotic boundary conditions for strip grids and corrugations, homogenized boundary conditions, or impedance boundary conditions. The limitations of the different analysis models as well as surface realizations will be discussed with particular attention to diffraction effects, dispersion, surface waves, leaky waves, and bandgap properties. The work will be presented in relation to specific applications most of which have already been published in scientific journals. Examples of applications are: ground planes, low-profile antennas, reduction of coupling, removal of parallel-plate noise in multilayer circuit boards, reduction of far out sidelobes, antenna gain enhancement, effective waveguide apertures, quasi-TEM waveguides, compact horn antennas, reduction of blockage from cylindrical objects, grid amplifiers, and infinite array simulators (realized in rectangular waveguide) for broadside radiation and dual polarization. The course will also cover related tunable surfaces used for beam steering and adaptive antennas. Copies of presentation slides and journal articles will be provided in electronic form.

Location: CHALMERS - Goteborg
Date: 18/04/2005 - 22/04/2005
Contact Person: Per-Simon Kildal
Items in this section:
File CHALMERS_Artificial_EBG_surfaces.pdf   (269 kB)
File L1-Maci-Background (25').pdf   (475 kB)
File L2 Kildal-introCanonicalsurfaces.pdf   (800 kB)
File L3-Maci-Focus on FSS (90').pdf   (1.3 MB)
File L4- Maci-PZM (45').pdf   (857 kB)
File L5-Maci-Applications (90').pdf   (2.0 MB)
File L6-Kildal-hardsoftsurfaceappl.pdf   (1.1 MB)
File L7-Sotoudeh-hardhorns.pdf   (616 kB)
File L8a-Ng-TEMwaveguides.pdf   (1020 kB)
File L8b-Ng-metaguides.pdf   (420 kB)
File L9-eva-softsurfacebandwidth.pdf   (226 kB)
File L10-KildalSipus-methods.pdf   (821 kB)
File L11-Mahdjoubi-Intro--EBG Driective Antennas.pdf   (346 kB)
File L11-Mahdjoubi-Theory1--EBG Driective Antennas.pdf   (1.3 MB)
File L11-Mahdjoubi-Theory2--EBG Driective Antennas.pdf   (807 kB)
File L11-Mahdjoubi-Realisations--EBG Driective Antennas.pdf   (836 kB)
File L11-Mahdjoubi-Conformal EBG Antennas.pdf   (740 kB)
File L12-Tretyakov-metamaterials.pdf   (1.6 MB)
File Homeassignements-ACE-EBG course.pdf   (18 kB)
File EBGreferences-Chalmerspart.pdf   (16.5 MB)
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